Instructions for authors
The content of the article should correspond to one of the following scientific specialties:
- 4.1.1 General Farming and Crop Production
- 4.1.2 Plant Breeding, Seed Production and Biotechnology (Agricultural Sciences)
- 4.2.4 Animal Production, Feeding, Feed Technology and Livestock Production (Agriculture Sciences)
- 4.3.1 Agro-industrial technology, machinery and equipment (agricultural sciences)
For the timely publication of an article, it is necessary to provide the editorial office with the text of the article at least 4 months before the next issue, using the Send Article module on the journal website.
The text of the article is accepted in MS Word format; the maximum volume is 16 ths. characters including spaces, or about 10 sheets of A4 format text, typed in Times New Roman font size of 14 pt with one and a half line spacing without formatting. Tables are made using standard MS Word tools or are imported from MS Excel (without extraneous information!). Drawings and diagrams should be clear and well readable; vector image elements should be grouped; resolution of raster images (photos, scans) - at least 300 dpi. Lists are numbered and marked manually (to avoid formatting loss during layout). Notes are drawn up in the form of regular (not final!) footnotes using regular MS Word tools. Formulas, as a rule, are created in MS Equotion (the regular editor of MS Word formulas) or in Math Lab. References are placed at the end of the article. The sources should be in citation order. Numbered references to them are given in the text of the article in square brackets in plain text format. When typing, you should avoid using non-standard fonts (e.g., fonts of national languages, specialized formula fonts, etc.). If this is not possible, you must provide the editor with a file of this font for the correct reproduction of your text.
- UDC Index (on the left);
- The name of the article (in CAPITAL LETTERS);
The maximum length of the title is 10-12 words. The title of the article should be: informative, concise, consistent with the scientific style of the text, contain the main keywords that characterize the topic (subject) of the study and the content of the work. The title should be easily understood by readers and search engines.
- Initials, last name, academic degree, academic title of the author (s) and full name of the organization in which they work, phone, e-mail in italics;
- A short abstract of at least 150-250 words (after indentation).
An abstract includes a description of the main topic, the problem of the object, the objectives of the study, the main methods, research results and main conclusions. It is necessary to indicate what new information scientific article contains in comparison with others related to the subject and the purpose. The abstract should be:
- informative (without common words);
- thoughtful (reflects the main content of the article and research results);
- structured (follow the logic of describing the results in the article);
- compact (150 - 250 words).
It is convenient to write a structured abstract for a structured article, choosing from each section the most important information that together will make up a complete picture of the content of the material and allow to find the article by the main terms included in the abstract (along with the title and keywords). The abstract is not allowed to include references to sources from the full text, as well as abbreviations that are disclosed only in the full text. Abbreviations and acronyms in the abstract should be disclosed. You must understand that the abstract is the main and initial source of information about the article.
- Key words (5-10).
The keywords that make up the semantic core of the article are a list of basic concepts and categories that serve to describe the problem under study. These words serve as a guide for the reader and are used to search for articles in electronic databases, therefore they should reflect the discipline (the field of science within which the article was written), the topic, purpose and object of study. Keywords can be both single words and phrases in the singular and in nominative case. The basic principles of key words choice are:
- To use basic (commonly used) terms along with special.
- The text of the article with illustrative material included (tables, figures), after the indentation. A prerequisite is the structuring of the article in the sections below.
This section describes the general research topic, goals and objectives of the planned work, theoretical and practical significance, provides the most famous and authoritative publications on the topic under study, identifies unresolved problems. This section should contain the rationale for the need and relevance of the study. The information in the Introduction should be organized according to the principle of “from general to particular”. The introduction, as a rule, consists of four subsections: 1. A description of the problem which the study is associated with; 2. A review of the literature related to the study; 3. A description of white spots in the problem or what has not yet been done; 4. Formulation of the goals and objectives of the study.
Methods and Materials
This section details the methods that were used to obtain the results. Usually, a general outline of experiments / studies is first given, then they are presented in such detail and with so many details that any competent specialist can reproduce them using only the text of the article. When using standard methods and procedures, it is better to make references to relevant sources, not forgetting to describe modifications of standard methods, if any.
This section presents the experimental or theoretical data obtained during the study. The results are given in the processed version: in the form of tables, graphs, organizational or structural diagrams, equations, photographs, drawings. This section provides only facts. Leave their interpretation, comparison with the data of other researchers for the Discussion section. If you got a lot of similar dependencies presented in the form of graphs, then give only one typical graph, and provide data on the available quantitative differences between them in the table. There are three ways to present the results:
- text (verbal representation);
- tables (semi verbal representation);
- figures: charts, graphs, images (visual representation).
All three methods of presenting the results of quantitative research (text, tables and figures) should complement, not repeat each other.
The conclusion contains the main ideas of the main text of the article. It is advisable to compare the results obtained with those that were planned to be obtained, as well as to show their novelty and practical significance, to prescribe the limitations encountered during the work. At the end, conclusions and recommendations are given, the main directions of further research in this area are determined.
In this section, it is customary to express gratitude to colleagues who assisted in the study or expressed critical comments about your article. However, before expressing gratitude, it is necessary to obtain the consent of those whom you plan to thank. If you used non-standard equipment and materials in your work, you can also list on which and whose special equipment the experiments were performed, as well as list the sources of all other special materials and objects of study (crops, animals). It is necessary to express gratitude for the financial support of the study to organizations and foundations, i.e. write, through what grants, contracts, scholarships it was possible to conduct a study.
- References (at least 10 Russian и 10 foreign sources from international databases, including Scopus and Web of science) should be in the end of the article.
Articles in journals
Alekseeva, S.N., Kharitonova T.V. Technological innovations in the production of oilseeds. International Agricultural Journal, 2012, № 6, p.66-67.
Conference collections articles
Arefyev, A. N., Kuzina E. E., Kuzin E. N. The nature of the dependence of crop yields on soil fertility factors. Education, science, practice: innovative aspect: a collection of international scientific and practical materials conferences, Penza: RIO PSAA, 2015, p. 147-149.
Abstract of dissertations
Zakharov, N. G. Efficiency of the use of sewage sludge as a fertilizer in a crop rotation: abstract of the dissertation for the degree of candidate of agricultural sciences. Saransk, 2004, 20 p.
Laryushin, N.P. Optimization of a device with an elastic element for dispensing calibrated bulk materials: monograph. Penza: PSUAC, 2014, 172 p.
Teaching aids, books, teaching materials
Duskabilova, T.I., Muravyev G.A. Plum in the south of Central Siberia. Novosibirsk, 2005, 152 p.
The program and methodology of variety studies of fruit, berry and nut-bearing crops. Edited by E. N. Sedov, T. P. Ogoltsova. Oryol: All-Russian Research Institute of Selection of Fruit Crops, 1999, 14 p.
Federal State Statistics Service [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.gks.ru/ (accessed 05/10/2017).
RF patent № 2483518, IPC A01C 7/20 (2006.01) A device for sowing grain crops in one pass of an aggregate over an untreated field. M.V. Karimov, D.V. Kvitkin, A.D. Kvitkin. Publ. 06/10/2013, Bull. No. 16.